Www mail ru одноклассники регистрация

nd distant concept. The daily life of these people bears little resemblance to that of their mothers and their fathers. They may have come from India, Egypt, Zimbabwe www mail ru одноклассники регистрация Thailand but they dress like Europeans, live in apartments with simple modern furniture and eat international cuisine. Their ethnic origins might be expressed only through certain national dishes, items used to furnish their homes or the celebration of certain national feast days. With the intermixing of trade and communications and national cultures, man himself is changing. Little by little day by www mail ru одноклассники регистрация day he is becoming a citizen of the world. Born of a European mother and a Latin American father he might wake up in an apartment in www mail ru одноклассники регистрация York, watch the world news on the BBC and go to work in a Japanese company. He might lunch in a Chinese restaurant and then go to Russia on business. This Mr. X might have a house which is furnished with items "мейд in the world", he might have a Polish wife and his children might be learning Italian. There are innumerable examples of this. They are the signs of an emerging, unclassified phenomenon -- the appearance of a universal human culture and common global awareness. The main centres of this intermixing used to be in university cities, tourist areas or companies with employees from many countries of the world. Today these processes of drastic change are taking place all over the world. There are certain exceptions, where the women of a certain country are not allowed to marry foreigners or to have children by them. The Palestinians, for example, do this for reasons of national survival. When the Jordanians require the children of mixed marriages to take Jordanian citizenship this is mainly for religious reasons. The ethnic and the cultural intermixing of the world is a slow and evolutionary process. It can be seen in cultural adaptation, the use of one and the same language and the intermixing of lifestyles www mail ru одноклассники регистрация cuisine etc. Let us take for example language learning. As can be seen from table 13, at the moment there are 12 major languages in the world. In total there are between 4000 and 10,000 spoken languages and between 20--50,000 dialects. There is an undisputed trend towards the gradual disappearance of a large number of dialects and languages. The process of cultural intermixing www mail ru одноклассники регистрация taking www mail ru одноклассники регистрация in languages. On www mail ru одноклассники регистрация one хэнд this is a sign of the trend towards the use of a single or small number of languages as a global lingua-franca. To a great extent this is the role of English. On the other hand there are a large group of local languages which www mail ru одноклассники регистрация thanks to the electronic media will survive and will play a significant role in the survival of the culture of certain nations. At the moment more than 1 billion people in the world use English as an international language. This is due to the fact that the English speaking group is the second largest group www mail ru одноклассники регистрация people in the world (table 13) as well as the fact that it has been the English-speaking countries which have provided the main stimuli for progress and that the world media broadcast in English. English www mail ru одноклассники регистрация the major language www mail ru одноклассники регистрация North America, one of the major languages in Europe and is used widely in Japan, India and Latin America as an international language. Globalisation will require sooner or later one www mail ru одноклассники регистрация the world languages to become a global language. It is very likely that this English will fulfil this role. This is because the most active processes of globalisation during the last 50 years www mail ru одноклассники регистрация come about as a result of the domination of the USA in the world economy. It is possible, however, that in the processes of economic polycentralisation English www mail ru одноклассники регистрация lose part of its domination to French or German or one of the eastern languages such as Chinese or Japanese. Whatever the outcome I believe that the future of culture and language lies in a combination of global language and culture, national cultures and languages and the unsustainable cultures and languages of the smaller nations. There are notably over 2 billion people in the world, mainly in the poorer countries who do not speak any of the www mail ru одноклассники регистрация major languages of the world. Table 13 The major languages of the world. Chinese More than 1 billion China, Taiwan, Singapore English 300-400 million people United Kingdom, США, Canada, Ireland, India, Nigeria, Australis, South Africa www mail ru одноклассники регистрация www mail ru одноклассники регистрация (official language of 87 nations and www mail ru одноклассники регистрация Hindi 250-300 million North Africa, Trinidad, South Africa, Mauritius Arabic 165 million North Africa, Near East Russian 250-300 million Republics of the Former Soviet Union Malay 180 million Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei Bengali 150 million Bangladesh, India Spanish 180-520 million Official language of 20 nations and territories in Europe and America French 100-150 million Official language in 37 countries and territories in Europe, Africa, America and Oceania Japanese 125 million Japan, minorities in США and Brasil German 150 million Germany, Switzerland, Luxemburg, Lichtenstein, Austria and Belgium Urdu 50-90 million Pakistan. Source: the Universal Almanac 1996 ed. J. Wright, Kansas City, 1995. It is still unclear which of them will preserve their languages and which of them will fall under the influence of the stronger cultures. Neither one extreme, the disappearance of ethnicities within a global culture, nor the other, their isolation and conservation is capable of answering the needs of humanity. It has already been mentioned that the explosion of ethnic groups is more or less an attempt at self-defence and a consequence of aggression against smaller cultures and nations. If migration, mixed marriages and the world media stimulate the intermixing of culture, then education and concern for the smaller cultures is a compulsory precondition for the preservation of local traditions and universal harmony. The Fourth Civilisation will be an era of global cultural phenomena but also the preservation of all the smaller cultures which express the diversity of the human species. This process cannot be stopped and there is little doubt that there will be an increase in the number of people who will lose their "pure" ethnicity but this will not lead inevitably to the destruction of national traditions and features. There have been periods throughout the history of humanity when the mixing of blood for many nations was considered shameful. Many nations aspired to preserve the purity of their roots and people through the purity of their blood. The formation of nations and nation states coincided logically with this process. The New Civilisation places the emphasis on the moral aspect of the common human spirit, the search for the common elements between autonomous cultures and peoples. Only in this way can the new dimensions of technical and spiritual progress be combined with tolerance, mutual influence and unification of difference cultures. The other alternative is isolationism and conflicts between civilisations and religions. Whether the 21st century will be a century of wars between cultures and civilisations as S. Huntington seems to believe or a century which places the www mail ru одноклассники регистрация on the universal and humanitarian elements of development -- this is a question of choice between the past and the future. 4. www mail ru одноклассники регистрация AWARENESS The 19th and the 20th centuries were a time of mass ideology. Global awareness rejects the closed ideologies of confrontation. It is a reflection of the common elements which unite the inhabitants of the earth but also www mail ru одноклассники регистрация differences between us and our neighbours. Global awareness is the main driving force of the Fourth Civilisation. It is the sense of the compatibility and legitimisation of these differences. H umanity is constantly adapting itself to the common spiritual values of integration. The integration of manufacturing and communications has lead to a growing awareness of the common problems of people and the ways in which they can be resolved. Religions are a typical expression of this unified awareness. Sometimes they are imposed through methods www mail ru одноклассники регистрация conviction more frequently by violence and coercion. Religious conflicts over the past 2 millennia have been struggles between spiritual www mail ru одноклассники регистрация and the different systems and structures of human awareness. Homo Sapiens in his evolution from the apes inherited and developed this common awareness. Over the centuries group ideologies became more and more massive. General or mass awareness is reflected in the common features and standards of life, in common gods and religions and in common spiritual values. The industrial age from the end of the 18th century saw a new period of structuring of mass values. The unifying nature of existing dogmatic religions was gradually replaced by unifying ideologies. Liberalism, Marxism, Leninism, nationalism, fascism and Maoism are just some examples. Certain ideologies reject religious awareness, others try to adapt it to their value systems. Until the 19th century violence was the basic, albeit limited, means for the solution of all conflicts between peoples, cultures and ideologies. Mass ideologies gave rise to mass violence. The most radical religious ideologies of the 20th century were undoubtedly communism and fascism. Although they were essential different and www mail ru одноклассники регистрация different ecconomic bases they both used violence as a key political method

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